The word “drone” is not very welcome here, but in this case, “drone” would be the most appropriate way to describe the airplanes that Gizmodo writes about.
“For Operation Aphrodite, old unwanted B-17 and B-24 bombers were launched with human pilots. These pilots would take off, fly toward the intended target and then parachute out of the aircraft, leaving a trailing plane at the robot controls. This trailing plane would have a TV receiver that would get images from the now-pilotless plane. They could then direct the drone to its target via radio-control, all the while keeping an eye on its route from a safe distance. For many of these young pilots, it was their first time seeing anything like TV technology.”